Bangladesh is situated in the south of Asian Continent. The blue colored mass of water is in the south of it. The whole geographical boundary line of Bangladesh is surrounded by India except in the south-east by Myanmar. However, Geographical boundary line has changed many times in association with the changes of political rulers from ancient. Few times, few parts of Bangla (Bangladesh) were connected to various provinces for the convenience of ruling only in British Period. In 1947, Bangla was divided into two parts titled ‘WESTERN’ and ‘EASTERN’; and also included in India and Pakistan of western part and Eastern part respectively after the left of Indian-Continent by the English. Initially, East-Bangla was the name of included part of Bangla in Pakistan but later on it became East-Pakistan. East-Pakistan had become an independent country as a result of nine month liberation war sacrificing 3 million lives in 1971. The name of newborn country now is BANGLADESH.
Himalayas, the world’s highest mountain is in the north of Bangladesh. Bay of Bengal along with world’s largest unbroken sea beach of 144 kilometers is in the South of it. The hills of Rajamahal and west Bengal of India are in the west of Bangladesh. There are also many small-medium hills in the east of Bangladesh is 1,47,570 square kilometers together with nearly 1.6 billion population.
There are no mountains or hills in the central landed portion of Bangladesh except some border area. Most regions are level. Enormous small & big rivers, named and unnamed cannels, wetland are spread all around in Bangladesh. As a result, the main sources of all big rivers of Bangladesh are from India and Nepal. Rivers are flowing over Bangladesh since it is low level land. Main rivers are The Ganges, The Brahmaputra, The Meghna, The Jamuna, and The Teesta. They with their many branches are flowing around the country like spider net. The stream of nearly all rivers of Bangladesh is southern. Finally, they all lost themselves in the magnanimous Bay-of-Bengal.
The weather and geographical location of Bangladesh are entirely different from many other countries. Moreover, the impact of geographical nature is so acute on human lifestyle. For this, we can see mentionable differences among human lifestyle, culture & nature of various regions in the planet. Bangladesh is enjoying a big benefit of having extensive level land and ample rivers. Alluvial soil has made the level land so fertile carried by rivers and fertile land produces a huge number of crops. Thus, Bangladesh has been GREEN with plentiful corn. On the other hand, due to river enclosed, the main mode of communication for this country is river-way. Therefore, the people of this country are skilled in boat riding. The value of river-way is highly imperative in carry of men and exchange of goods. There is a great impact of both river and boat on peoples’ life and culture of Bangla. Endless sky above the head as well as constant flowing river on land makes boatman to singer. As a result, the melodious ‘Vhatiali’, the boatmen of Bangla have formed ‘Jarri-Sarri’ songs. Not only that but other folk songs are created by carrier of goods and passengers which are invaluable assets for Bangladeshi culture.
Bangladesh is a country of heavy rainfall. Weather is of mild temperature. Such geographical environment has made country people soft and polite natured. On the other hand, Bangladeshi people have to fight against storm, tidal wave, typhoon etc due to seasonal diversity. So they become struggler. Both personality and food menu, dress, home pattern of the people of Bangladesh are completely shaped by geographical nature. Alteration of current of rivers control human life style and their economy here. Many ancient town, port, commerce point, human colony built on the bank of rivers have been demolished because of only the shifting of current of rivers. Again people set up their new habitation beside the new river flow even after being collapsed by rivers since these rivers are their source of food. Location of rivers only has enhanced the commerce and industry of Bangladesh. Traders use rivers for trading their goods not only inside the country but outside the country also crossing the gateway of Bangladesh, Bay-of-Bengal. Consequently, Bangladesh has been prosperous with abundance gift of nature.